Mar 25, 2017 filed under Courage.


Virtues are good habits of character. No one’s come up with a better way to be happy than to discover how to practice Justice, Courage, Self-Control, Prudence, Faith, Hope, and Love. They are the seven main virtues. They give us more peace inside and out.

In this seven-week series, we dig into a different virtue every week. Welcome to Week Two: Courage.

Mr. Micawber shares his recipe for the good life in Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield: “Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen nineteen and six, result —  happiness. Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure twenty pounds ought and six, result — misery.”

He sees the downside of making too little money – misery – but for most of the book he doesn’t do much about it. Instead, he cheerfully waits for “something to turn up” while Mrs. Micawber hocks her jewelry to feed the little ones.

Mr. Micawber, played by W.C. Fields in the movie, is everyone’s favorite character. He is a good man with faults, just like the rest of us. So forgive me if I describe his lack of virtue – it doesn’t mean I don’t love him.

One (of several) virtues that Micawber could bring on board is Courage. Courage would help him overcome his distaste for finding an honest job. Instead, he gets up every morning, makes the effort to look spiffy, and says a few cheery words to his wife before leaving for the streets of London. There, he spends his day opining with friends and mooching off new acquaintances in public houses. He is courageous in the face of poverty, but when it comes to working for a living, he mentally runs the other way. His family suffers the consequences.

According to A Prairie Home Companion, Powdermilk Biscuits “give shy persons the strength to get up and do what needs to be done.” It is fun to imagine that eating a biscuit would give us the courage to overcome our aversion to tasks that are scary, difficult, or tiresome.

Eating a Powdermilk Biscuit for breakfast might cause Micawber to reflect on the love he has for his family and how satisfying it would be to give them what they need. He might imagine the harmony that having meat on the table would bring to his household. And inspired by this happy thought, he might remember, as he finishes his morning tea, having met a man who is looking to hire. The Powdermilk Biscuit could give him the courage to head not for the pub but to visit the businessman who is hiring.

After his biscuit and perhaps a prayer, Mr. Micawber could set out, having made the decision to grow in courage and still find he doesn’t feel very courageous. He confesses this to a friend, who advises him to “act himself into a new way of thinking.” That is, if he acts the way a courageous person would act, nothing can stop him from pursuing his goal, regardless of how he feels. After “acting” for a while, he finds that he is less afraid of what used to repel him.

It works in Micawber’s favor that courage — and all virtue — is a habit. The more he practices acting like a courageous person, the more he starts to own it. Before he knows it, courage becomes his new habit and he is reaping the rewards.

In fact, at the end of the novel, Micawber gets himself a job as a judge, of all things, in Australia. Dickens does not record Micawber’s transition from ne’er-do-well to community pillar, but somewhere along the line, with or without a Powdermilk Biscuit, he has decided to grow his courage and shrink his fear by making the virtue connection.

Scroll down and share a way that you stir up your courage!

Love always,

10 Responses to “The Wayward Courage of Wilkins Micawber”

    • John Luth

      What a classic reflection, Rose. It seems all characters from that story are everyone’s favorites – or should be! Will Silas Marner be next? My favorite line from that book is towards the end: “Perfect love hath the breath of poetry about it.” True it is.

      • Rose Folsom

        Yes, the breath of poetry — because both love and poetry hint at the supernatural. Thank you for your lovely insight.

    • Rose Folsom

      Yes, you might say that “His name IS inspiration.” His power never gives up. He is amazing.

  1. Jini Druliner

    I love your use of ‘Powder Milk Biscuits’ and Mr Micawber!! You make me laugh at the same time I am mulling over the lovely message. Very nice Rose.

  2. Rose

    This comment arrived from a reader via email:

    Thank you so much for your “Wayward Courage” read. A joy indeed! Now I want to read the book and see the movie. Think I did a high school book report on ‘David Copperfield. I recall nothing about it as I’m certain that I reported on the 15 cent and 15 minute read, “Classic Comicbook” version. Thought I was being so clever, not! The only person I cheated was me! Sad that it has taken all these many years to realize my foolishness! Now I will complete the assignment from years ago. Well anyway, I’ll read the book but will not write the assigned report! That would be waaaay too contrite!

  3. Irmgard

    Thinking of the end result or peace of mind later on it gives me the courage to do things I fear or dread.

    • Rose Folsom

      Great thought — picturing the good result of my courageous act enables me to actually conquer my fear and act.
      Thanks for sharing that!